Tennis and Golfer’s Elbow
These are both conditions whereby there is inflammation and irritation of the tendons that attach the forearm muscles to the elbow. The difference between the two lies in which side of the elbow is affected, “tennis” is the outside surface of the elbow (when the arms are straight by the side and the palms are facing forward) and “golfer’s” relates to the inside aspect of the joint. Symptoms of both of these injuries are similar but can differ slightly. Both conditions will usually produce pain radiating from the elbow down the forearm, both will be tender to touch at the bony part of the joint, both can be felt when griping and twisting and both will also result in weakness at the wrist and in grip strength. Golfer’s elbow can also produce pins and needles in the little and ring fingers.
The term ‘Bursitis’ means swelling of the bursa, which is a fat pad at the elbow. It can result from an injury or from an infection which can happen when the skin at the elbow is broken (from a scrape or an insect bite etc.) Symptoms commonly include swelling (a ball shaped sac of fluid), warm to the touch, redness around the area, potentially fever like complaints and there may or may not be pain or tenderness, people usually maintain full range of motion.
This involves to the tendon attaching the biceps muscle to the elbow which enables us to bend the elbow. It can become overused and inflamed when there is a sudden increase in the volume and/or intensity of activity which includes flexing and extending the elbow or rotating the wrist. There will usually be pain or discomfort at the front of the elbow which is exacerbated on bending the elbow and turning the palm upwards.